History and culture , Fano: Guide Fano: Italy - Nozio 0%

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Fano History And Culture, Italy

Colonia Julia Fanestris: this was Fano in ancient Rome. Known as Fanum Fortunae, in memory of the "Temple of Fortune", built to remember the victorious battle of the Metauro river, the Fano colony was located along Via Flaminia, wanted by the Flaminian console to connect Rome to Rimini. The emperor Octavian Caesar Augustus surrounded the city with walls and an Istria stone arch was built in his honor as an act of gratitude. The Arch of Augustus is one of many impressive Roman remains in Fano, in addition to the walls, the small amphitheater and the division of roads into cardos and decumans.
To the east of the arch, the walls stretch for almost a kilometer, interspersed with towers and a small gate.
Continuing along the walls you will reach the Rocca Malatestiana (Malatesta fortress) with its watch tower, completed in 1452 to fortify the land of Malatesta. The Malatesta family was influential for a good part of the fifteenth century, giving the city of Fano a palace, the Malatesta Palace, which is home to a Civic gallery (with the works of artists such as Morganti, Palma il Giovane, Reni, Guercino, Preti) and a Civic Museum (focusing on prehistoric archaeology and the Roman era).
Life inside the city was normally centered around Piazza XX Settembre. The symbol of the piazza (square) is the Podestà Palace, built in the Romanesque style. Inside the Palace is the nineteenth-century Teatro della Fortuna (Theater of Fortune). Facing the building, in the center of the square, is the sixteenth-century "Fountain of Fortune", with a bronze statue of the Goddess Fortuna, a copy of the original which can be seen in the Civic Museum.



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